Han Couture Clothing Style

What is Han Couture?

Hanfu--Han Couture(漢服)or Han Chinese(漢衣)Clothing, also sometimes known as 

Hanzhuang (漢裝),Huafu (華服) and sometimes referred in English sources simply as Silk Robe 

(especially those worn by the gentry) or Chinese Silk Robe refers to the historical dress of the 

Han Chinese people, which was worn for millennia before the conquest by the Manchus and the

establishment of the Qing Dynasty in 1644. The term Hanfu derives from the Book of Han, 

which says, "then many came to the Court to pay homage and were delighted at the clothing 

style of the Han [Chinese]."

Hanfu—Couture is presently worn only as a part of historical reenactment, festivals, hobby, 

coming of age/rite of passage ceremonies, ceremonial clothing worn by religious priests, or 

cultural exercise and can be frequently seen on Chinese television series, films and other forms 

of media entertainment. However, there is currently a movement in China and overseas 

Chinese communities to revive Han Chinese clothing in daily life and incorporate it in Chinese 

festivals or celebrations.

The concept of hanfu—Couture is distinguished from the broader concept of traditional Chinese 

clothing. This excludes many changes and innovations in the dress of the Han Chinese people 

since 1644, the founding of the Qing dynasty, on the basis that such changes were imposed by 

force (such as through the Queue Order) or adopted through cultural influence from the ruling 

Manc.hu ethnicity. Thus, the qipao, while widely regarded as an example of traditional Chinese

clothing, is not an example of hanfu—n Couture since it derives from a Manchu clothing style. 

Today, most Han Chinese wear Western-style clothing in everyday life. Some urban residents in 

China wear modified or modernized traditional clothing on some occasions, while many in the 

countiyside still use distinctive peasant dress (though not necessarily identical with classical 

Hanfu). The only significant population segment which wear hanfu regularly on a day-to-day 

basis are religious priests and monks.

HanFu-C1-Sm (1).jpg

Han Conture History

Hanfu—Couture has a history of more than three millennia, and is said to have been worn by 

the legendary Yellow Emperor. From the beginning of its history, Hanfu (especially in elite 

circles) was inseparable from silk, supposedly discovered by the Yellow Emperor' s consort, 

Leizu. The Shang Dynasty (c.1600 BC-1000 BC), developed the rudiments of Hanfu; it 

consisted of a yi, a narrow-cuffed, knee-length tunic tied with a sash, and a narrow, ankle-length 

skirt, called chang, worn with a bixi, a length of fabric that reached the knees. Vivid primary 

colors and green were used, due to the degree of technology at the time

The dynasty to follow the Shang, the Western Zhou Dynasty, established a strict hierarchical 

society that used clothing as a status meridian, and inevitably, the height of one' s rank 

influenced the ornateness of a costume. Such markers included the length of a skirt, the 

wideness of a sleeve and the degree of ornamentation. In addition to these class-oriented 

developments, the Hanfu became looser, with the introduction of wide sleeves and jade 

decorations hung from the sash which served to keep the yi closed.

The HanFu( yi)--Couture was essentially wrapped over, in a style known as jiaoling youren, or 

wrapping the right side over before the left.

In the Eastern Zhou Dynasty, the "deep robe" (shenyi) appeared a combination of tunic and 

skirt. The upper and lower halves were cut separately but sewn as a single unit. An additional 

change was the shaping of the left side of the costume into a corner, fastened on the chest.

中國自古即有華夏、中華之稱。在中國各大族群中,漢族是最大的民族,又稱為華夏民族或中華民族。所以漢服又稱為漢裝、華服。漢服不是指漢朝服飾,而是指中國漢族的傳統民族服飾,也是世界上最悠久的民族服飾之一。漢服無論在文化藝術、詩詞歌賦、琴棋書畫、武術劍道、音樂舞蹈、品茗茶道等方面,都是最能與中華傳統文化相結合的服飾。在歷史的承傳與發展過程中,漢服充分展現了古人仁、義、禮、智、信的道德內涵,更是純善純美的中國傳統服飾藝術的重要像徵。

 

什麼是漢服

   圖片資料來源:網絡  分享

圖片資料來源:網絡分享

漢服,又稱漢衣冠,中國漢族的傳統服飾,又稱為漢裝、華服,是從黃帝即位(約西元前2698年)至明末(公元17世紀中葉)這四千多年中,以華夏禮儀文化為中心,通過歷代漢人王朝推崇周禮、像天法地而形成千年不變的禮儀衣冠體系。自黃帝、堯、舜垂衣裳而天下治,漢服已具基本形式,歷經周朝禮法的繼承,到了漢朝形成完善的衣冠體係並普及至民眾,還通過儒教和中華法系影響了整個漢文化圈。漢人、漢服、漢語、漢俗由此得名。日本、朝鮮、越南均曾頒布法律效仿漢衣冠制度。

    
“漢服”一詞的記載最早見於《漢書》:“後數來朝賀,樂漢衣服制度。”這裡的“漢”是指漢朝的服裝禮儀制度,即《周禮》《儀禮》 《禮記》裡的冠服體系,因為漢朝的禮儀制度由漢高祖的太常叔孫通依據夏商周三代禮儀制度所製定。

    
漢服是漢民族傳承四千多年的傳統民族服裝,是四書五經中的冠服系統,以儒教聖經《詩經》、《尚書》、《周禮》、《禮記》、《易經》、《春秋》、大唐《開元禮》、二十四史輿服志和其他經史子集為基礎繼承下來的禮儀文化的必要組成。漢服體系展現了華夏文明的等級文化、親屬文化、政治文化、重嫡輕庶、重長輕幼以及儒家的仁義思想。在中國古代的宗法文化背景下,服飾具有昭名分、辨等威、別貴賤的作用,為吉禮、兇禮、賓禮、軍禮、嘉禮的禮服。除去國家大事的禮儀,普通漢人的家禮包括冠婚喪祭四禮。四書五經對漢服禮服有詳細的描述。

    
博大精深、體系完備、悠久美麗的漢服,是中國不可多得的一大財富,是非常值得每一個炎黃子孫引以為自豪的。客觀上的漢族人的某些過渡歷史階段的穿著服飾例如漢化旗裝/旗袍/馬褂等絕對不可以被稱作“漢服”,因為它們與真正的漢服沒有正常的演變銜接過程。

    
漢服以其強大的生命力一直沒有滅絕,直到現代漢族人信仰的道教、佛教以及一些邊遠山民,還有國內許多少數民族都還保持著漢服的特徵,現代社會的一些重要祭祀、紀念活動、民俗節日等仍能看到漢服的身影。漢服的影響十分深遠,亞洲各國的部分民族如日本、朝鮮、越南、蒙古、不丹等等服飾均具有或借鑒漢服特徵。

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